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Dr Eric Daiter is a nationally recognized expert in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility who has proudly served patients at his office in New Jersey for 20 years. If you have questions or you just want to find a caring infertility specialist, Dr Eric Daiter would be happy to help you (in the office or on the telephone). It is easy, just call us at 908 226 0250 to set up an appointment (leave a message with your name and number if we are unable to get to the phone and someone will call you back).


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Ovulation Tutorial

Successful human reproduction normally requires the maturation and release (ovulation) of an egg from the ovary.

The process that results in ovulation is complex, very delicate (easily disrupted), and involves many different components. If you learn this material, then many of the reasons for irregular menstrual cycle intervals and poor egg quality will become clear. You can also focus specifically on problems that your physician has addressed with you.

In this ovulation tutorial, Dr. Eric Daiter presents a great deal of information about ovulation.

ovulation test

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for additional information.

The ovarian reproductive lifecycle ranges from puberty to menopause and generally spans a 30-40 year time interval. Dr. Daiter presents the events that occur at puberty to allow for the release of a mature egg at ovulation and the events that can affect the overall duration of the ovarian reproductive lifecycle.

The normal events that occur within the female body to allow for regular ovulation involve the brain (central nervous system and hypothalamus), the pituitary gland, and the ovary. Dr. Daiter reviews the physiology and clinical importance of the development of a monthly pool of recruitable follicles (ovarian cysts containing eggs), the role of FSH in follicular development, the development of a dominant follicle, the role of the midcycle LH surge to trigger ovulation, the changes that allow a follicle to become a corpus luteum cyst to produce progesterone following ovulation, the window of uterine receptivity during which an embryo can implant into the uterine cavity, and menses when pregnancy does not occur.

Ovulation Test

There are different techniques to detect ovulation, each with their own reliability, sensitivity and specificity. In order to perform an ovulation test, Dr. Daiter examines the significance of a history of regular menstrual intervals with premenstrual symptomatology, basal body temperature records, cervical mucus characteristics, ovulation predictor kits and monitors, blood work for luteal phase progesterone concentration, serial ultrasound examinations, and experimental methods.

There are many known causes for ovulation dysfunctions, each with their own specific treatments. Dr. Daiter categorizes and presents these causes, including ovarian disorders (role of the woman's age, ovarian surgery, pelvic radiation or chemotherapy, premature ovarian failure, cigarette smoking, pelvic infections, compromised blood supply, endometriosis and medications), pituitary gland disorders (role of thyroid disease, excessive prolactin, pituitary tumors resulting in Cushing's syndrome or acromegaly, pituitary damage, the empty sella syndrome and medications), and hypothalamic and central nervous system disorders (polycystic ovarian syndrome, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, structural lesions, stress, strenuous exercise, sudden weight loss or anorexia nervosa, illicit drug use and medications).

A thorough clinical evaluation for ovulation disorders should include certain components. Dr. Daiter discusses his own approach to the clinical evaluation, including a detailed menstrual history, a detailed medical history, the physical exam and the initial laboratory evaluation.

There are various treatment alternatives each with their own risks and benefits. Dr. Daiter discusses treatments for thyroid disease, prolactin disorders, the appropriate use of fertility medications, and when to consider donor eggs.